After a brief hiatus we're back with more from the St Emlyn's Blog. We discuss a wide range of topics from crowding in Emergency Departments and the RePHILL trial to breastfeeding, genetic testing and diagnosing DVTs, as well as our highlights from the recent RCEM CPD Conference in Bournemouth. There really is something for everyone!
A bumper edition of the podcast where Iain and Simon discuss TXA (twice), antibiotics in appendicits, VTE, Blood products in trauma, use of ultrasound in cardiac arrest and plasma in traumatic brain injury. Oh, and COVID19 (but not for long)...
An evidence based cornucopia of aural pleasure.
Please like and subscribe (as all podcasters seem to say).
In this special edition of the podcast, Liz Crowe discusses with Iain how we can find contentment, despite the relentless nature of COVID19 and the impending second wave. She gives practical, realistic advice that everyone can consider and encourages us all to be kind to ourselves in these strange and difficult times.
Our own version of Buy One Get One Free* this month, where you get a round up of two months of blog content.
Coronavirus continues to dominate the medical (and non-medical) headlines, and we discuss the two major results from the RECOVERY trial published recently, one positive and one not so (depending on who you talk to....). Simon also catches up with Roberto Cosentini, who you'll remember from the very powerful podcast at the beginning of the pandemic.
COVID isn't the only EBM circus in town though: we've reviewed HALT-IT and Simon has given a talk about the "Ten Top Trauma Papers" of the last year and Laura reviewed a paper looking at haloperidol for headaches.
We're having to think even harder about how we communicate in the ED, both for clinical care and to deliver education. Two ideas to help learning have been featured this month: The St Emlyn's Lesson Plans and "Background Learning".
Good luck to all those starting in Emergency Medicine, and a huge thank you to all those who are moving to other areas of medicine or other departments. It's been a curious few months...
*It's actually Get One Free Get Another Free, but whose ever heard of that?
We are delighted to introduce you to the "St Emlyn's Lesson Plans", which we hope will help structure some of your education sessions over coming months (and years).
Each lesson plan starts with a descrete learning outcome, to set the scene, as well as details of the RCEM curriculum item(s) that will be covered.
The first tasks are aimed at aquiring some background knowledge and can either be done as part of the session, or beforehand. These utilise the vast "FOAMed" resources (including, but not exclusively, those of St Emlyn's).
Our experience is that time constraints often mean that "background reading" isn't achieved before the session, so would encourage allowing time within it to complete these. They are designed to take about 30 minutes and occupy the first half of the session.
Everything you need for each lesson is included in the plan. We would recommend that each learner has an internet enabled device available (with headphones) to read and listen to the background material at their own pace.
The second half of the session should be facilitated by an expert. This can happen in person, but also online, via any of the interfaces that are now so familiar.
In many plans we have given some case examples, but it would be even better if learners can bring cases of their own for discussion. This element is very much within the control of the facilitator (who should been fully cogniscent of the contents of the knowledge section).
The session finishes off with a summary, this should emphasise again the most important learning points. To really embed the knowledge and skills the particiapants should be encouraged to reflect on what they have learned, and to even talk to thse who were unable to attend about what they missed.
For learners this also gives an opportunity to easily link teaching sessions to their portfolio.
You may want to record the "face-to-face" elements, so that those who were not present are able to access them when they can (and those that did can rewatch to refresh their learning).
Although these plans are designed for delivery in a single centre, there is absolutely no reason why regional (or even national) teaching could take place in this way. The recent COVID19 Journal Clubs have demonstrated beautifully how a group of learners can engage with an online panel.
We would be very happy to receive lessons plans to add to the collection. This is very much a collaborative effort.
Please let us know what you think of these lesson plans and if you are using them in your Department. We'd love to hear your ideas about how we can take medical education forward.
It's been another busy month at St Emlyn's, with the publication of 15 blog posts and five podcasts, but there does seem to be an awful lot to talk about!
Of course there have been multiple posts and podcasts about COVID-19, and you can fiind all of these on our special St Emlyn's page. Highlights have included the three RCEM/St Emlyn's Webinars which we are delighted to host in podcast form.
Parts of the site have also undergone a bit of a redesign with the curriculum pages now easier to navigate to find that post to fioll an e-portfolio hole.
We hope you're finding all of our output useful. Please do subscribe to the website (in the top right hand corner) and rate our podcast on iTunes.
They'll be much more to come in May I am sure.
Podcast edited by Izzy Carley
Welcome to our third webinar and journal club reviewing recent research and featuring COVID-19 updates, hosted by the University of Manchester, Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal College of Emergency Medicine in collaboration with St Emlyn’s.
The live event took place on Tuesday 28th April at 11am BST (10am GMT).
The panel was hosted by Rick Body The panel includes Prof Paul Klapper (Professor of Clinical Virology), Dr Charlie Reynard (NIHR Clinical Research Fellow), Dr Dan Horner (RCEM Professor), Prof Pam Vallely (Professor of Medical Virology), Salim Rezaie (Emergency Physician and Founder of REBEL EM) and Prof Simon Carley (you know him…) to discuss five papers about COVID-19 infection. There will be another COVID 19 Journal Club next week (Tuesday 5th May at 11am).
Edited by Izzy Carley and Iain Beardsell
Helms J. High risk of thrombosis in patients in severe SARS-CoV-2 infection: a multicenter prospective cohort study. Intensive Care Medicine. April 2020:1-21. https://www.esicm.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/863_author_proof.pdf.
Caputo ND, Strayer RJ, Levitan R. Early Self‐Proning in Awake, Non‐intubated Patients in the Emergency Department: A Single ED’s Experience during the COVID‐19 Pandemic. Acad Emerg Med. April 2020. doi:10.1111/acem.13994
Garcia FP, Perez Tanoira R, Romanyk Cabrera JP, Arroyo Serrano T, Gomez Herruz P, Cuadros Gonzalez J. Rapid diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection by detecting IgG and IgM antibodies with an immunochromatographic device: a prospective single-center study. April 2020. doi:10.1101/2020.04.11.20062158
Richardson S, Hirsch JS, Narasimhan M, et al. Presenting Characteristics, Comorbidities, and Outcomes Among 5700 Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19 in the New York City Area. JAMA. April 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.6775
Metzler B, Siostrzonek P, Binder R, Bauer A, Reinstadler S. Decline of acute coronary syndrome admissions in Austria since the outbreak of COVID-19: the pandemic response causes cardiac collateral damage. Eur Heart J. April 2020. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa314
Welcome to our second webinar on recent research about COVID-19, hosted by the University of Manchester, Manchester Royal Infirmary and Royal College of Emergency Medicine in collaboration with St Emlyn’s.
The panel was hosted by Rick Body. The panel includes Prof Paul Klapper (Professor of Clinical Virology), Dr Charlie Reynard (NIHR Clinical Research Fellow), Prof Pam Vallely (Professor of Medical Virology), Dr Anisa Jafar (Academic Clinical Lecturer), Dr Casey Parker and Prof Simon Carley (you know him…) to discuss six papers about COVID-19 infection.
The live event took place on Tuesday 21st April 2020
Paper 1 (00:00) Tang W, Cao Z, Han M, et al. Hydroxychloroquine in patients with COVID-19: an open-label, randomized, controlled trial. April 2020. doi:10.1101/2020.04.10.20060558
Professor Rick Body is joined by Prof Paul Klapper (Professor of Clinical Virology), Dr Charlie Reynolds (NIHR Clinical Research Fellow), Prof Pam Vallely (Professor of Medical Virology), Dr Anisa Jafar (Academic Clinical Lecturer) and Prof Simon Carley (you know him...) to discuss six papers about COVID-19 infection.
03:10 - Paper 1 – Guan et al. Clinical characteristics of Coronavirus disease 2019 in China. NEJM Feb 28 2020
16:54 Paper 2 – Zou et al. Single Cell RNA-SEQ Data Analysis on the receptor ACE2 expression reveals the potential risk of different human organs vulnerable to 2019-NCOV infection. Frontiers of Medicine. Mar 12 2020.
21:43 Paper 3 – Gautret et al. Hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin treatment of COVID-19: Results of an open-label non-randomised clinical trial. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 20 Mar 2020
25:25 Paper 4 – Cao et al. A trial of Lopinavir-Ritonavir in adults hospitalized with severe COVID-19. NEJM Mar 18 2020
29:35 Paper 5 – Cui et al. Prevalence of venous thromboembolism in patients with severe Coronavirus pneumonia. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. Apr 9 2020 doi:10.1111/jth.14830
34:14 Paper 6 – Lynarts et al. Prediction models for diagnosis and prognosis of COVID-19 infection: systematic review and critical appraisal. BMJ. Apr 7 2020 BMJ 2020;369:m1328
The world is consumed by the Coronavirus pandemic, but how do we look after ourselves? Liz and Iain discuss some strategies to stay well over the coming weeks and months. Recorded on 25th March 2020.
Simon chats to Sarah Thornton, consultant anaesthetist, intensivist and head of the NW school of anaesthesia on preparing to work in a critical care unit during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Our regular round up of the best of the blog from September 2019. A fairly quiet month for us, but some great content including a fabulous video from Cliff Reid on the Zero Point survey and on a related resus note, the concept of the UK resuscitationist with Dan Horner.
A vox pop round up of the best of the ERC19 conference in Slovenia.
Our latest podcast from the #stemlynsLIVE conference last year. Dan Horner talks on the concept and potential role of the UK Resuscitationist.
The best from the blog and podcast in July 2019.
Similar challenges, different approaches – Mass Casualty Incident training lessons from Pakistan. St Emlyn’s
Prof. Rick Body is an internationally recognised expert in diagnostic testing. In this podcast he takes us through diagnostics today and also the near future which may change almost everything.
You can read more and see the slides/video at http://www.stemlynsblog.com
This talk focuses on how we can optimise our psychological performance in critical care situations, the type of situations that Simon describes as Time Critical, Information light. The Audio is available below, or watch the full presentation above.
Don't forget to watch the video on the St Emlyn's site http://www.stemlynsblog.org
Here's our regular round up of the blog and podcast from June 2019.
The psychological impact of emergency medicine https://www.stemlynsblog.org/how-events-in-emergency-medicine-impact-doctors-psychological-well-being-st-emlyns/
Can we use IO aspirate for analysis https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-can-we-really-use-io-blood-for-analysis-st-emlyns/
Don't forget the Bubbles conference and site https://dontforgetthebubbles.com/
This is Chris's talk from #stemlynsLIVE on GI emergencies. Remember to check out the blog for the background, references and more.
Our regular monthly round up, this month with Ian and Simon chatting through the best of the blog.
The power of peer review: https://www.stemlynsblog.org/smacc2019-the-power-of-peer-review/
Virtual reality in PED: https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-virtual-reality-for-distraction-from-paediatric-procedural-pain/
Wellbeing for the broken: https://www.stemlynsblog.org/wellbeing-for-the-broken-part-3-the-podcast-st-emlyns/
Traumatic cardiac arrest https://www.stemlynsblog.org/wellbeing-for-the-broken-part-3-the-podcast-st-emlhttps://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-should-we-use-chest-compressions-in-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-st-emlyns/
Should we cardiovert AF in the ED or wait? https://www.stemlynsblog.org/should-we-rapidly-cardiovert-af-in-the-ed-st-emlyns/
Prolonged field care in the ED https://www.stemlynsblog.org/prolonged-field-care-in-the-ed/
Keppra or Phenytoin for status epilepticus in kids https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-enter-sandman-which-agent-as-second-line-in-paediatric-status-epilepticus/
This is the podcast that accompanies the recent blog post on Jason's latest research on traumatic cardiac arrest and closed chest compressions. This discussion is more wider ranging and explores how the management of TCA has changed, and is changing as we begin to gain a better understanding of the physiological mechanisms underpinning our resuscitation strategies.
Closed chest compressions reduce survival in an animal model of haemorrhage-induced traumatic cardiac arrest.Watts S, Smith JE, Gwyther R, Kirkman E. Resuscitation. 2019 May 9;140:37-42. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.04.048. [Epub ahead of print]
Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest: the development of an algorithm to guide recognition, management and decisions to terminate resuscitation. Vassallo J, Nutbeam T, Rickard AC, Lyttle MD, Scholefield B, Maconochie IK, Smith JE; PERUKI (Paediatric Emergency Research in the UK and Ireland). Emerg Med J. 2018 Nov;35(11):669-674. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-207739. Epub 2018 Aug 28.
Paediatric traumatic cardiac arrest: a Delphi study to establish consensus on definition and management. Rickard AC, Vassallo J, Nutbeam T, Lyttle MD, Maconochie IK, Enki DG, Smith JE; PERUKI (Paediatric Emergency Research in the UK and Ireland). Emerg Med J. 2018 Jul;35(7):434-439. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207226. Epub 2018 Apr 28.
The outcome of patients in traumatic cardiac arrest presenting to deployed military medical treatment facilities: data from the UK Joint Theatre Trauma Registry. Barnard EBG, Hunt PAF, Lewis PEH, Smith JE. J R Army Med Corps. 2018 Jul;164(3):150-154. doi: 10.1136/jramc-2017-000818. Epub 2017 Oct 6.
Smith JE, Rickard A, Wise D. Traumatic cardiac arrest. J R Soc Med. January 2015:11-16. doi:10.1177/0141076814560837
May N. Traumatic Cardiac Arrest. St Emlyn’s. http://www.stemlynsblog.org/traumatic-cardiac-arrest/. Published 2012. Accessed 2019.
Back in late 2018 we gathered in Manchester for the inaugural #stemlynsLIVE conference. Our friend Dr George Wills gave a great talk on Aortic Emergencies.
All emergency physicians know that it's all to easy to miss an aortic catastrophe. Listen to George's wisdom on common pitfalls and top tips to make you a better emergency clinician.
Also check out these excellent #FOAMed resources.
Last year we were honoured to bring Kat Evans to Manchester to talk at the #stemlynsLIVE conference. We've covered emergency medicine in South Africa before on the blog, but there is no substitute to hearing about it from someone who actually works there.
Part of the critical appraisal nuggets series. You can read more here https://www.stemlynsblog.org/cans-critical-appraisal-nuggets-st-emlyns/
Also mentioned in this podcast
1. Definition of p-values on the bottom line https://www.thebottomline.org.uk/blog/ebm/p-value/
2. Fragility index https://lifeinthefastlane.com/ccc/fragility-index/
3. Confidence interval https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confidence_interval
Ep 128 - Can we use diagnostic probability to guide treatment thresholds in ACS with Charlie Reynard and Rick Body
This is a really important concept developed by Charlie Reynard and Rick Body here in Manchester. There is an accompanying paper in the EMJ that you can read via this link https://emj.bmj.com/content/34/12/A870
This concept could radically change how we make probabilistic prescribing decisions in the ED. Have a listen and look out for a blog post on St Emlyn's soon.
This is the monthly round up of blogs from the St Emlyn's team
Tribalism with Ross Fisher https://www.stemlynsblog.org/breaking-down-tribalism-onetribeemta-st-emlyns/
Conservative management of chest trauma https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-conservative-management-of-chest-trauma-st-emlyns/
FeminEM part 4 https://www.stemlynsblog.org/fix18-part-four/
PEP, PEPSE and HIV https://www.stemlynsblog.org/pep-prep-and-all-things-hiv-st-emlyns/
This podcast was recorded at the Intensive Care Society State of the Art meeting in London 2018. Simon Carley interviews Prof Peter Brindley on the interface of technology, humans and humanity in critical care. The audio was recorded live and at the venue so there is a fair bit of background noise, but we hope that this does not distract from a wide ranging and fascinating podcast.
Five strategies to improve your resuscitations.
1. Zero point survey
2. Peer review
3. 10 in 10
4. Hot debriefs
5. Fly the patient
You can read about these strategies, watch the video and learn about the background on the St Emlyn's blog here https://www.stemlynsblog.org/stemlynslive-five-free-strategies-to-improve-your-resuscitation-practice-st-emlyns/
Salim Rezaie from the REBEL EM podcast takes us through the optimal management of cardiac arrest and also explores some of the controversies and difficulties that make the difference to our patients.
You can read a lot more about the background to this talk, see the evidence and watch the video on the St Emlyn's site. Just follow this link. https://www.stemlynsblog.org/beyond-acls-salim-rezaie-at-stemlynslive/
Here's our round up of the best of the blog from October 2018.
In Pursuit of Excellence with Natalie May from #stemlynsLIVE https://www.stemlynsblog.org/in-pursuit-of-excellence/
A FeminEM in NY with Natalie May Part 1. https://www.stemlynsblog.org/fix18-part-one/
JC: Cricoid Pressure, Do we still need it? Simon Carley https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-cricoid-pressure-and-rsi-do-we-still-need-it-st-emlyns/
Teaching and Learning in Stretched Environments with Simon Carley https://www.stemlynsblog.org/teaching-and-learning-in-stretched-environments-rsm-2018-st-emlyns/
Five free strategies to improve your resuscitations Simon Carley https://www.stemlynsblog.org/stemlynslive-five-free-strategies-to-improve-your-resuscitation-practice-st-emlyns/
PTSD and me, EMDR therapy with Rusty Carroll https://www.stemlynsblog.org/ptsd-and-me-part-3-emdr-therapy-st-emlyns/
Here's our round up of the best of the blog from September 2018.
The following blogs are discussed.
OOHCA and airway management. Do we need a tube? http://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-oohca-and-airway-management-do-we-need-a-tube-st-emlyns/
The Zero Point Survey. Optimising resuscitation teams in the ED. https://www.stemlynsblog.org/jc-the-zero-point-survey-optimising-resuscitation-teams-in-the-ed-st-emlyns/
Subacute and massive PE management https://www.stemlynsblog.org/we-call-it-massiiiiiiivve-pe-at-st-emlyns/
EMS Gathering and podcast https://www.stemlynsblog.org/ems-gathering-review-and-podcast-st-emlyns/
ResusTO: A simulation/resuscitation conference like no other https://www.stemlynsblog.org/resusto-a-simulation-resuscitation-conference-like-no-other/
Monkeypox has arrived https://www.stemlynsblog.org/monkeypox-has-arrived-is-the-panic-justified-st-emlyns/
Micro Machines: Sick neonates at RATH18 https://www.stemlynsblog.org/micromachines/
Equality and Diversity in EM. What I learned as a recovering racist. https://www.stemlynsblog.org/equality-and-global-health-what-i-learned-from-being-a-recovering-racist/
StEmlyn's at EusEM (Four posts)
Steve Playfor is an paediatric intensive care consultant at the Royal Manchester Children's Hospital here in the 'real' Virchester.
He is an expert in the management of fluid balance in children and has been instrumental in many of the changes to our attitudes, beliefs and practice around IV fluid management.
In this episode Simon and Steve discuss the somewhat crazy story of IV fluid management in kids, the pseudo-science, the custom and practice and finally the potential future of IV management.
I can guarantee that you will learn something here folks.
Simon and Iain talk through what the team has been up to in April. All the blogs should be on the website and of course you can subscribe to the podcast via iTunes or via PodBean.
Key publications in April.
1. Our e-book on health and wellbeing for the resuscitationist. http://stemlynsblog.org/the-resuscitationists-guide-to-health-and-wellbeing-a-st-emlyns-e-book/
2. Police drop offs for penetrating trauma in the US. http://stemlynsblog.org/to-protect-and-serveand-drop-off-st-emlyns/
3. The latest blogs on the amazing #badEMfest18 conference in South Africa http://stemlynsblog.org/bademfest18-day-3-st-emlyns/
4. The top 10 trauma papers of the year http://stemlynsblog.org/top-10-trauma-papers-2017-2018-for-traumacareuk-conference-st-emlyns/
5. Complications of anticoagulation http://stemlynsblog.org/complications-of-anticoagulation-and-how-to-manage-them-st-emlyns/
6. Trauma CT in kids http://stemlynsblog.org/jc-trauma-paediatric-wbct/
7. The folly of dichotomous diagnosis http://stemlynsblog.org/50-shades-black-white-folly-dichotomy/
8. Bonded in Blood with Ashley Liebig and Noah Gallagher http://stemlynsblog.org/bonded-in-blood/
9. How to coach your team and the Austrian EM conference http://stemlynsblog.org/how-to-coach-feedback-team-st-emlyns/
Gosh, when you write it down and think about all the work the rest of the team puts in to teach and learn it makes me kind of proud. Don't forget to join us later this year for the live version at #stemlyneLIVE in Manchester.
In this episode, the fabulous Liz Crowe (@LizCrowe2) discusses how to approach debriefing after critical (and non critical) incidents in healthcare. We focus on the debriefing that takes place 5-7 days after an incident. For more on a "hot" debrief listen to this podcast by Ashley Liebig and Rob Orman
I recently met up with some amazing UK docs working in South Africa at the EMSSA conference. This conference was held in Sun City near Johannesburg and brought together emergency physicians from across the contient.
It was great to catch up some UK docs who were on postgraduate electives working in hospitals like Khayelitsha which you may remember from this amazing blog by Robert Lloyd.
So please listen, learn and get in touch if it's something that you want to do.
On the podcast we have
Simon Carley (@EMManchester), Jennifer Hulse (@coffeeheadaches), Chris Wearmouth (@CCWearmouth), Jacob Smith (@DrJacobSmith), Emma Gold (@EmmaRGold) and Chloe Sanderson.
There are also Marina Queisser & Eveline Baerends in the photo.
Iain (@docib) and Liz (@LizCrowe2) discuss one of the hottest topics in medicine - Burnout. What is it, who gets it and what can we do about it? Liz brings her huge knowledge and experience to a topic that is often discussed, but not always understood. Essential listening.
Iain and Simon chat through our top ten trauma papers for 2016. Lots here for anyone who is interested in trauma including whole body CT, traumatic cardiac arrest, neurosurgery in severe head injury and much more. As ever we'd suggest you read the original papers, references for which along with a blogpost can all be found here http://stemlynsblog.org/top-10-trauma-papers-2016-st-emlyns/
In a new podcast format Simon (@EMManchester) and Iain (@docib) discuss the month's offerings from the St Emlyn's blog and podcast (www.stemlynsblog.org).
It's been a month full of interesting posts on subjects as diverse as Thrombolysis in Stroke (Alan Grayson), The Future of Emergency Medicine in the Social Age (Simon), Cardiac Arrest Centres (Simon), Love in Critical Care (Liz Crowe), Transfers (Nat and Simon), Thrombolysis in PE (a guest post from FOAMed legend Anand Swarminathan) and Benzos in Back Pain (Janos). Head to the website for the articles themselves and all the references and links you need.
We're aiminig to make this a regular monthly podcast - let us know if it's useful and enjoyable and how we could make it even more educational.
Nat and Simon discuss the complexities of transferring a patient from the resus room to CT and back again. Look out for the blog post soon on stemlynsblog.org